EFFECT OF pH LEVELS ON SOYBEAN SEED GERMINATION DYNAMICS

Abstract

Background. Soybean is a legume of substantial economic importance. The quality and quantity of soybean yield are influenced by various factors include pH soil. Many species of plants have strictly specified physiological requirements concerning the soil pH mainly in early phases of plant development, i.e. seed germination. Traditional methods used in germination data analysis include geramination energy and germination capacity. An alternative may be use tuse of growth models to describe germination process. Mathematical models give considerable information resulting in parameter estimates with relevant biological interpretations.
Material and methods. Soybean seeds (cv. Abelina, Merlin and SG Anser) collected from cultivated plants grown in experimental fields in 2017 and 2018 were analysed. Field experiment was conducted in Łączka, eastern Poland (52°15′ N; 21°95′ E). After harvest, samples of seeds were collected and analysed in the laboratory, seed germination parameters were determined at different pH values of the water solution (pH = 5.0, 5.5, 6.0, 6.5, 7.0). The numbers of germinated seeds were recorded during the period of 14 days. Logistic function was used to analyse cumulative germination curves over time. The function parameters: value of the horizontal asymptote coefficients and rate of increase in germination rate, were calculated.
Results. Generally, the seed germination was the better in 2017 than 2018. The numbers of seeds germinating in 2017 had the highest theoretical asymptotic value (parameter a) and low values of coefficients k (germination rate parameter) and b (shape parameter). Differences were found also between seeds germinated at different pH levels. The pH values of 6 and 6.5 provided were associated with the most rapid germination of all the test cultivars. Based on the logistic function, the highest number of germinated seeds was recorded between day 4 and 6 (germination rate ranging from 18 to 21% per 24 hours).
Conclusion. Testing of germination of cultivars at different pH levels of the medium might be of help while identifying and selecting genotypes for particular locations.

Published
Oct 21, 2021
Section
Original paper