IMPACT OF A GROWTH ENHANCEMENT SUPPORT SCHEME ON COCOA YIELD AND INCOME OF COCOA FARMERS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA
Background. In an attempt to improve the yield of cocoa and farmers income, the Federal government of Nigeria in 2012 introduced the Cocoa Growth Enhancement Support (GES) scheme that subsidized farm inputs to farmers. This article examines the effects of the scheme on cocoa yield and the income of cocoa farmers in Osun State.
Material and methods. A multistage sampling procedure was used to obtain data from 208 cocoa farmers of whom there were 100 participants and 108 non-participants of the scheme. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the binary logit regression model and the Propensity Score Matching (PSM) model.
Results. Descriptive statistics revealed no mean difference between some socioeconomic characteristics among the categories of farmers in the study area such as household size, farming experience, age and education. The results further revealed that participation in previous government intervention programs, access to extension services and access to credit were significant determinants of participation in the GES scheme. Participation in the GES scheme increased cocoa yield and income of cocoa farmers by 42.30 kg·ha-1 and 24553.99 N·ha-1 (59.71 €·ha-1), respectively.
Conclusion. This suggests that a subsidy on farm inputs could increase cocoa yield and the income of cocoa farmers.